Garbage Sorting as an Important Rural Problem: Descriptive Study of Priority Health Problems in Pantai Cermin Village, Langkat Regency


  • Rapotan Hasibuan Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara
  • Atikah Salsabila Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara



Priority problem, Intervention, Garbage sorting, Waste


In planning efforts to improve public health degrees, it is necessary to plan the first steps to find out what health problems are prioritized to be addressed effectively, efficiently, and on target. This community service, therefore, aim to to find health problems in order to find the right intervention so that the health problems contained in Teladan Hamlet do not become serious problems that cause other health problems. This research was conducted in Teladan hamlet of Pantai Cermin Village, Tanjung Pura Subdistrict using descriptive research methods, univariate analysis was conducted to determine the priority of health problems from the results of self-aware surveys. Prioritization of health problems was carried out qualitatively using the Focus Group Discussion method with USG (Urgency, Seriousness, Growth) criteria scoring. The nine highest health problems found were the low number of couples who did not use contraception, low infant weight, itching, hypertension, national health insurance, smoking behavior, kitchen waste disposal, garbage sorting, and eradication of mosquito nests. The results of the Focus Group Discussion agreed that the priority of health problems in Teladan hamlet is the low behavior of waste sorting, so that interventions are carried out in the form of counseling and provision of facilities and infrastructure in the form of garbage cans in some public places in order to increase public knowledge and community behavior in sorting waste. Efforts that can be made by local governments are to support and supervise the community to implement good and correct waste sorting and processing behavior in a sustainable manner


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Rapotan Hasibuan, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara

Department of Public Health, State Islamic University of North Sumatra, Medan

Atikah Salsabila, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara

Department of Public Health, State Islamic University of North Sumatra, Medan


World Health Organization and J. Burton, WHO healthy workplace framework and model: background and supporting literature and practices. World Health Organization, 2010. Accessed: Jan. 15, 2022. [Online]. Available:

N. Sartorius, “The Meanings of Health and its Promotion,” Croat Med J, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 662–664, Aug. 2006.

Pemerintah Republik Indonesia, Law Number 36 Year 2009 concerning Health. 2009. 2009. Accessed: Dec. 09, 2021. [Online]. Available:

World Health Organization, “Health in all policies: Helsinki statement. Framework for country action,” Eurohealth, 2014. (accessed Dec. 07, 2021).

E. de Leeuw, “Engagement of Sectors Other than Health in Integrated Health Governance, Policy, and Action,” Annu. Rev. Public Health, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 329–349, Mar. 2017, doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031816-044309.

R. Courtney, E. Ballard, S. Fauver, M. Gariota, and L. Holland, “The Partnership Model: Working with Individuals, Families, and Communities toward a New Vision of Health,” Public Health Nursing, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 177–186, 1996, doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1446.1996.tb00238.x.

J. Rohde et al., “30 years after Alma-Ata: has primary health care worked in countries?,” The Lancet, vol. 372, no. 9642, pp. 950–961, Sep. 2008, doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61405-1.

R. Z. Goetzel and R. J. Ozminkowski, “The Health and Cost Benefits of Work Site Health-Promotion Programs,” Annual Review of Public Health, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 303–323, 2008, doi: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.29.020907.090930.

H. L. Blum, Planning for Health: Generics for the Eighties. Human Sciences Press, 1981.

H. L. Blum, Planning for Health: Development and Application of Social Change Theory. Human Sciences Press, 1974.

A. I. S, O. A. R, and A. M. O, “Primary health care services in Nigeria: Critical issues and strategies for enhancing the use by the rural communities,” JPHE, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 5–13, Jan. 2012, doi: 10.5897/JPHE11.133.

R. C. Tyas, “Determining Priorities of Health Problems And Types of Interventions in RW 13 and RW 14 Kelurahan Ampel, Semampir Surabaya in 2018,” Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan (JPK), vol. 18, no. 1, Art. no. 1, Feb. 2020, doi: 10.35882/jpk.v18i1.2.

O. Sopiah and L. Suryani, “Study on the Implementation of Alert Village Activities based on the FKSMD Application (Format of Self-Aware Survey Questionnaire) Google Forms in Kalijaya Village, Telagasari District, Karawang Regency in 2019,” Health Science Growth (HSG), vol. 4, no. 2, Art. no. 2, Dec. 2019.

H. Bakri, “The Planning of Community Health Center In Indonesia,” European Journal of Research and Reflection in Management Sciences, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 12–18, 2018.

R. U. Bilsel and D. K. J. Lin, “Ishikawa Cause and Effect Diagrams Using Capture Recapture Techniques,” Quality Technology & Quantitative Management, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 137–152, Jan. 2012, doi: 10.1080/16843703.2012.11673282.

A. Laksmiarti, “Communicating Recycling to Villagers: Insights from Hamlet in Yogyakarta, Indonesia,” Sep. 2013, Accessed: Sep. 07, 2021. [Online]. Available:

T. R. Frieden, “A Framework for Public Health Action: The Health Impact Pyramid,” Am J Public Health, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 590–595, Apr. 2010, doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.185652.

F. Muzaqqi, “Deliberative Deliberation: Genial Ideas and Traditions of Deliberative Democracy in Indonesia,” Jurnal Politik Indonesia, vol. 1, no. 2, p. 10, 2012.

Y. Sarbassov, T. Sagalova, O. Tursunov, C. Venetis, S. Xenarios, and V. Inglezakis, “Survey on Household Solid Waste Sorting at Source in Developing Economies: A Case Study of Nur-Sultan City in Kazakhstan,” Sustainability, vol. 11, no. 22, Art. no. 22, Jan. 2019, doi: 10.3390/su11226496.

A. Taufiq, “Socialization of Organic and Non-Organic Waste and Waste Creation Training,” Asian Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, vol. 4, no. 01, Art. no. 01, Feb. 2015.

H. Harun, “Description of Community Knowledge And Behavior in The Process of Household Waste Sorting in Hegarmanah Village,” Dharmakarya: Jurnal Aplikasi Ipteks untuk Masyarakat, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 86–88, 2017.

R. Setyowati and S. A. Mulasari, “The Level of Housewife’s Knowledge and Behavior in Managing Plastic Waste,” Kesmas: National Public Health Journal, vol. 7, no. 12, Art. no. 12, Jul. 2013, doi: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i12.331.

W. Dhewanto, Y. D. Lestari, S. Herliana, and N. Lawiyah, “Analysis of the Business Model of Waste Bank in Indonesia: A Preliminary Study,” International Journal of Business, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 74–88, 2018.

I. Rachman, Q. M. B. Soesanto, H. Khair, and T. Matsumoto, “Participation of leaders and community in solid waste management in indonesia to reduce landfill waste load,” Journal of Community Based Environmental Engineering and Management, vol. 4, no. 2, Art. no. 2, Nov. 2020, doi: 10.23969/jcbeem.v4i2.3348.

V. Zulfa and P. L. Nugraheni, “Effectiveness of community empowerment in waste management program to create sustainable tourism in Karawang, West Java,” IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 485, no. 1, p. 012087, May 2020, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/485/1/012087.

A. F. Widiyanto, A. Kurniawan, and E. Gamelia, “Village cadre behavior in the household-based management of inorganic waste,” Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik, vol. 34, no. 3, Art. no. 3, Jun. 2021, doi: 10.20473/mkp.V34I32021.293-304.

R. Wahyuni, P. Ap, and H. Purnaweni, “Behavior Analysis of Traders Regarding Waste Management In The Wonodri Market In Semarang,” E3S Web Conf., vol. 125, p. 09015, 2019, doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/201912509015.




How to Cite

R. Hasibuan and A. Salsabila, “Garbage Sorting as an Important Rural Problem: Descriptive Study of Priority Health Problems in Pantai Cermin Village, Langkat Regency”, International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 91–97, Mar. 2022.



Health Science