Characterization and Pollution Profile of the Tanning Industry by Distance in Gandong River, Indonesia

Authors

  • Sevi Dwi Pratiwi sevi Poltekkes Surabaya
  • Suprijandani Suprijandani Department of Enviroment Health, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Rachmaniyah Rachmaniyah Department of Enviroment Health, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Sonu Kumar Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i4.132

Keywords:

Water quality, effluent distance, river, tannery waste

Abstract

River water quality is influenced by several factors, one of then is caused by industrial waste discharged into river bodies. Effluent discharged into water bodies contains heavy metals, pungent odours, and makes the colour of water in water bodies cloudy. the purpose of the study examined the effect of tannery effluent distance on the water quality of the Gandong River in Magetan Regency. Benefits For the company As a consideration to maximize WWTP processing actions so as not to pollute the river environment. for the surrounding community to know also the consequences caused by pollution of tanning industry waste so that they are more careful in reprocessing the use of river water. This type of the reseach was observational with a cross sectional approach. A purposive sampling technique was used. The data analysis methode was a correlation test by comparing laboratory test results with Gandong River water quality standards according to PP. RI. No 82 of 2001. Parametric statistical tests using Product-Moment Correlation to determine the relationsbetweenp of distance from the tannery industry affects the water quality of the Gandong River in Magetan Regency. The results showed that the water quality of Gandong River did not meet the requirements of COD 118 mg/l and colour 61.85 TCU/PtCo, at a distance of 250 m which exceeded the quality standards of COD 133 mg/l and colour 54.90 TCU/PtCo, at a distance of 500 m which did not meet the requirements of COD 89 mg/l, at a distance of 750 m which did not meet the requirements of COD 89 mg/l. temperature and TSS parameters. The highest results at a distance of 0 m of 27˚C and 368 mg / l meet the quality standard requirements for odour obtained odorous results. From the results of the study, it can be concluded that the parameters of pH, TSS, Temperature, and Odour still meet the quality standards and the parameters of colour, COD do not meet the quality standards. Based on the Product Moment correlation analysis, the relationship between distance and river water quality shows different values for correlation results that have a relationship, namely the parameters of odour, colour, COD and results that do not have a correlation of temperature and TSS. So the farther the distance from the pollutant source, the better the river water quality.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

J. Rymarczyk, “The impact of industrial revolution 4.0 on international trade,” Entrep. Bus. Econ. Rev., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 105–117, 2021.

K. Mohammed, “Tannery Waste Management : Challenges and Opportunities,” no. December 2017, 2021.

Y. Zhang, J. K. Buchanan, G. Holmes, B. W. Mansel, and S. Prabakar, “Collagen structure changes during chrome tanning in propylene carbonate,” J. Leather Sci. Eng., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2019.

H. Ratnasari, “Evaluation Study of Tanning Industry Wastewater Treatment Plant in UPT Leather Industry Environment Magetan Regency,” Ekp, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 1576–1580, 2017.

P. R. Kavitha and G. P. Ganapathy, “Tannery process and its environmental impacts a case study: Vellore District, Tamil Nadu, India,” J. Chem. Pharm. Sci., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 759–764, 2015.

I. Rafiquel, A. F. Jannat, Hasanuzzaman, R. Musrat, A. L. Laisa, and K. P. Dipak, “Pollution assessment and heavy metal determination by AAS in waste water collected from Kushtia industrial zone in Bangladesh,” African J. Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 2016.

T. Gebregiorgis Amabye, “Plant, Soil and Water Pollution Due to Tannery Effluent a Case Study From Sheb Tannery, P.L.C, Wukro Tigray, Ethiopia,” Sci. J. Anal. Chem., vol. 3, no. 5, p. 47, 2015.

A. Muhammad, K. Rakhshan, K. Ikhtiar, and S. Asma, “Effect of Heavy Metals from Tannery Effluent on the Soil and Groundwater using Multivariate Analysis in District Sheikhupura, Pakistan,” Res. J. Chem. Environ., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 48–55, 2015.

I. Ilou, S. Souabi, and K. Digua, “Quantification of Pollution Discharges from Tannery Wastewater and Pollution Reduction by Pre-Treatment Station,” Int. J. Sci. Res., vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 1706–1715, 2014.

S. P. Saraswati, M. V. Ardion, Y. H. Widodo, and S. Hadisusanto, “Water Quality Index Performance for River Pollution Control Based on Better Ecological Point of View (A Case Study in Code, Winongo, Gadjah Wong Streams),” J. Civ. Eng. Forum, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 47, 2019.

T. Widodo, M. T. S. Budiastuti, and K. Komariah, “Water Quality and Pollution Index in Grenjeng River, Boyolali Regency, Indonesia,” Caraka Tani J. Sustain. Agric., vol. 34, no. 2, p. 150, 2019.

S. Pattern, “River Water Quality Analysis Due to Pollution of Batu Bola Landfill and Characteristics and Health Problems of Batang Ayumi River Water Users in Padangsidumpuan City,” pp. 1–9, 2012.

A. Rajwa-Kuligiewicz, R. J. Bialik, and P. M. Rowiński, “Dissolved oxygen and water temperature dynamics in lowland rivers over various timescales,” J. Hydrol. Hydromechanics, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 353–363, 2015.

V. D. Nguyen, N. Bac, and T. H. Hoang, “Dissolved Oxygen as an Indicator for Eutrophication in Freshwater Lakes,” Proc. Int. Conf. Environ. Eng. Manag. Sustain. Dev., no. October, p. 47, 2016.

M. P. Pal, N. R. Samal, P. k. R. Roy, and M. B. Roy, “Temperature and dissolved oxygen stratification in the lake Rudrasagar: Preliminary investigations,” Sustain. Agri, Food Environ. Res., vol. 2, no. 1, 2014.

M. J. Paul, R. Coffey, J. Stamp, and T. Johnson, “A Review of Water Quality Responses to Air Temperature and Precipitation Changes 1: Flow, Water Temperature, Saltwater Intrusion,” J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc., vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 824–843, 2019.

M. Shatat and H. Al-najar, “The Impacts of Temperature Variation on Wastewater Treatment in the Gaza Strip: Gaza Wastewater Treatment Plant As Case Study,” Conf. Water Clim. Chang. MENA-Region Adapt. Mitigation, Best Pract., no. APRIL 2011, pp. 1–12, 2011.

M. Uddin, M. Alam, M. Mobin, and M. Miah, “An Assessment of the River Water Quality Parameters: A case of Jamuna River,” J. Environ. Sci. Nat. Resour., vol. 7, no. 1, 2015.

M. Polycarp, “THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLEDGE Analysis of Producer Price of Rice in Nigeria,” vol. 7, no. August, pp. 7–13, 2019.

K. M. G. Mostofa et al., Complexation of Dissolved Organic Matter with Trace Metal Ions in Natural Waters, no. January. 2013.

T. Mateeva, G. A. Wolff, G. Manatschal, S. Picazo, N. J. Kusznir, and J. Wheeler, “Preserved organic matter in a fossil Ocean Continent Transition in the Alps: the example of Totalp, SE Switzerland,” Swiss J. Geosci., vol. 110, no. 2, pp. 457–478, 2017.

C. Montalvo et al., “Metal Contents in Sediments (Cd, Cu, Mg, Fe, Mn) as Indicators of Pollution of Palizada River, Mexico,” Environ. Pollut., vol. 3, no. 4, 2014.

S. Md, C. Md.AI, M. M. Haque, and M. E. Haque, “Using Turbidity to Determine Total Suspended Solids in an Urban Stream: A Case Study,” Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol., vol. 67, no. 9, pp. 83–88, 2019.

D. S. Hansen, M. V. Bram, S. M. Ø. Lauridsen, and Z. Yang, “Online quality measurements of total suspended solids for offshore reinjection: A review study,” Energies, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1–48, 2021.

N. Abd Wahab et al., “The evaluation of Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Total Suspended Solids (TSS) and Suspended Sediment Concentration (SSC) in Terengganu River, Malaysia,” Int. J. Eng. Technol., vol. 7, no. 3.14 Special Issue 14, pp. 44–48, 2018.

C. G. Dirisu, M. O. Mafiana, G. B. Dirisu, and R. Amodu, “Level of ph in drinking water of an oil and gas producing community and perceived biological and health implications,” Eur. J. Basic Appl. Sci., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 53–60, 2016.

F. E. Ahmed, A. F. Wodag, G. G. Gelebo, and B. M. Gebre, “Ethiopian Water Hyacinth Leaf Extract as a Potential Tannery Effluent Treatment Material,” J. Eng. (United Kingdom), vol. 2022, 2022.

I. M. Amatya, B. R. Kansakar, V. Tare, and L. Fiksdal, “Role of pH on biological Nitrification Process,” J. Inst. Eng., vol. 8, no. 1–2, pp. 119–125, 1970.

M. Pica, “Treatment of wastewaters with zirconium phosphate based materials: A review on efficient systems for the removal of heavy metal and dye water pollutants,” Molecules, vol. 26, no. 8, 2021.

M. Qi, Y. Han, Z. Zhao, and Y. Li, “Integrated determination of chemical oxygen demand and biochemical oxygen demand,” Polish J. Environ. Stud., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 1785–1794, 2021.

K. N. Nwaigwe, C. Ononogbo, E. E. Anyanwu, and C. C. Enweremadu, “Comparative analysis of chemical oxygen demand removal rates of continuous and sludge bed biogas processes applied to organic waste,” Agric. Eng. Int. CIGR J., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 84–92, 2017.

Downloads

Published

2022-08-25

How to Cite

[1]
S. D. P. sevi, S. Suprijandani, R. Rachmaniyah, and S. . Kumar, “Characterization and Pollution Profile of the Tanning Industry by Distance in Gandong River, Indonesia ”, International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 260–266, Aug. 2022.

Issue

Section

Medical Engineering and Technology