Effect of Fennel Aromatherapy (Foeniculum Vulgare) On Decreasing Menopause Symptom Levels in Menopausal Women in Tunjung Village Bangkalan Regency Indonesia





Menopause, Symptom, Fennel Aromatherapy


Menopause is a natural event in a woman's life cycle. Hormonal changes that occur during menopause cause more than 80% of women to experience symptoms both physical and psychological with various pressures and disorders, causing a decrease in the quality of life. One of the non-pharmacological treatments to reduce the level of menopausal symptoms is Fennel aromatherapy. This study aims to determine the effect of Fennel Aromatherapy on reducing the level of menopausal symptoms. This type of research is Quasy Experimental with Non-Equivalent Control Group Design. The population of postmenopausal women aged 45-55 years is 62 people. Samples were taken using the purposive sampling technique of 22 people per group. The instrument used is the MRS (Menopause Rating Scale) questionnaire. statistical test using Wilcoxon Matched Pairs Test with α 0.05. The results showed that most menopausal women (68.2%) from the control group and most menopausal women (72.7%) from the treatment group had severe menopausal symptoms. After being given the intervention, there was a decrease in the treatment group where half of menopausal women (50.0%) had moderate levels of menopausal symptoms. The results of the analysis obtained p-value 0.000058 or <α (0.05) which means that there is an influence of Fennel Aromatherapy (Foeniculum Vulgare) on decreasing the level of menopausal symptoms. This research can add alternative treatment for menopausal symptoms in the BATRA program at community health centers. It is hoped that postmenopausal women can use safe alternative therapies such as Fennel Aromatherapy to treat menopausal symptoms so that it can improve the quality of life of women during menopause without serious side effects.


Download data is not yet available.


WHO, “World Health Statistics 2021 Monitoring Health For SDGs,” Swiss, 2021.

V. Talaulikar, “Menopause transition: Physiology and symptoms,” Best Pract. Res. Clin. Obstet. Gynaecol., vol. 81, no. May, pp. 3–7, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2022.03.003.

F. AbdulHalim, A. A. Mehras, A. Assabri, M. Alkobaty, S. Alawadi, and A. Albourhi, “Menopause among Yemen Women,” Adv. Aging Res., vol. 07, no. 04, pp. 65–77, 2018, doi: 10.4236/aar.2018.74006.

Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, “Indonesia's Health Profile,” Jakarta, 2021.

East Java Statistical Center, “East Java Province In Figures,” 2021.

A. Ciesielska, A. Kusiak, A. Ossowska, and M. E. Grzybowska, “Changes in the oral cavity in menopausal women—A narrative review,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 19, no. 1, 2022, doi: 10.3390/ijerph19010253.

B. Kantrowitz and ‎Pat Wingert, The Menopause Book : The Complete Guide Hormones, Hot Flashes, Health, Moods, Sleep, Sex, Second Edi. New York: Workman Publishing Co., Inc, 2018.

Y. Li and J. C. Dreher, “A review of the impact of hormone therapy on prefrontal structure and function at menopause,” Climacteric, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 340–349, 2021, doi: 10.1080/13697137.2021.1889500.

Q. Yu, “Traditional Chinese medicine: perspectives on and treatment of menopausal symptoms,” Climacteric, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 93–95, 2018, doi: 10.1080/13697137.2018.1434983.

S. Palacios, J. C. Stevenson, K. Schaudig, M. Lukasiewicz, and A. Graziottin, “Hormone therapy for first-line management of menopausal symptoms: Practical recommendations,” Women’s Heal., vol. 15, 2019, doi: 10.1177/1745506519864009.

N. Rathnayake, J. Lenora, G. Alwis, and S. Lekamwasam, “Prevalence and Severity of Menopausal Symptoms and the Quality of Life in Middle-aged Women: A Study from Sri Lanka,” Nurs. Res. Pract., vol. 2019, pp. 1–9, 2019, doi: 10.1155/2019/2081507.

L. R. Chen, N. Y. Ko, and K. H. Chen, “Isoflavone supplements for menopausal women: A systematic review,” Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 1–15, 2019, doi: 10.3390/nu11112649.

A. Johnson, L. Roberts, and G. Elkins, “Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Menopause,” J. Evidence-Based Integr. Med., vol. 24, pp. 1–14, 2019, doi: 10.1177/2515690X19829380.

H. W. Lee, L. Ang, J. Choi, and M. S. Lee, “Aromatherapy for Managing Menopausal Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trials,” J. Altern. Complement. Med., vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 813–823, 2021, doi: 10.1089/acm.2020.0315.

J. Malakouti, F. Jabbari, M. Asghari-Jafarabadi, Y. Javadzadeh, and A. Farshbaf-Khalili, “The Impact of ginkgo biloba tablet and aromatherapy inhaler combination on sexual function in females during postmenopausal period: A double-Blind randomized controlled trial,” Int. J. Women’s Heal. Reprod. Sci., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 129–136, 2017, doi: 10.15296/ijwhr.2017.24.

P. Banerjee, A. Deb, and P. Bhadra, An Anthology of Nutraceuticals, no. August. 2021. doi: 10.30954/anthnutraceuticals.

P. M. Ghaffari et al., “The effect of Fennel seed powder on estradiol levels, menopausal symptoms, and sexual desire in postmenopausal women,” North Am. Menopause Soc., vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 1281–1286, 2020, doi: doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000001604.

F. Rahimi-kian, R. Bekhradi, R. Rahimi, and A. M. Golzareh, Parvin, “Evaluating the effect of fennel soft capsules on the quality of life and its different aspects in menopausal women: A randomized clinical trial,” vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 87–95, 2017.

F. Seyyedi, M. Rafiean, and S. Miraj, “Comparison of the effects of vaginal royal jelly and vaginal estrogen on quality of life, sexual and urinary function in postmenopausal women,” J. Clin. Diagnostic Res., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. QC01–QC05, 2016, doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/17844.7715.

M. Dabrowska-Galas, J. Dabrowska, K. Ptaszkowski, and R. Plinta, “High Physical Activity Level May Reduce Menopausal Symptoms,” Medicina (B. Aires)., vol. 55, no. 466, 2019, doi: 10.1136/bmj.321.7275.1516.

J. F. R. Landa and J. C. Escobedo, Multidisciplinary look at a finite world, vol. 249, no. 4964. Rijeka, Croatia: InTech, 2017. doi: 10.1126/science.249.4964.18.

R. Thapa and Y. Yang, “Menopausal symptoms and related factors among Cambodian women,” Women Heal., vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 396–411, 2020, doi: 10.1080/03630242.2019.1643815.

D. Zhao, C. Liu, X. Feng, F. Hou, X. Xu, and P. Li, “Menopausal symptoms in different substages of perimenopause and their relationships with social support and resilience,” Menopause, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 233–239, 2019, doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000001208.

T. Koyuncu, A. Unsal, and D. Arslantas, “Evaluation of the effectiveness of health education on menopause symptoms and knowledge and attitude in terms of menopause,” J. Epidemiol. Glob. Health, vol. 8, no. 1–2, pp. 8–12, 2018, doi: 10.2991/j.jegh.2018.08.103.

M. J. Minkin, “Menopause: Hormones, Lifestyle, and Optimizing Aging,” Obstet. Gynecol. Clin. North Am., vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 501–514, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ogc.2019.04.008.

A. El Hajj et al., “Menopausal symptoms, physical activity level and quality of life of women living in the Mediterranean region,” PLoS One, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1–16, 2020, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230515.

S. Nazarpour, M. Simbar, F. R. Tehrani, and H. A. Majd, “Factors associated with quality of life of postmenopausal women living in Iran,” BMC Womens. Health, pp. 1–9, 2020.

A. Abbas, R. Ikram, F. Hasan, A. Adil, U. Nisar, and Q. ul Ain, “Antidepressant and Antiamnesic Potential of Foeniculum vulgare,” J. Adv. Med. Med. Res., no. February, pp. 131–138, 2020, doi: 10.9734/jammr/2020/v32i130360.

M. N. Chen, C. C. Lin, and C. F. Liu, “Efficacy of phytoestrogens for menopausal symptoms: A meta-analysis and systematic review,” Climacteric, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 260–269, 2015, doi: 10.3109/13697137.2014.966241.

S. Alexander V., “Phytoestrogens and their effects,” Eur. J. Pharmacol., vol. 741, no. December, pp. 230–236, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2014.07.057.

M. Yaralizadeh, P. Abedi, S. Najar, F. Namjoyan, and A. Saki, “Effect of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) vaginal cream on vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial,” Maturitas, vol. 84, pp. 75–80, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2015.11.005.

A. F. Ahmed, M. Shi, C. Liu, and W. Kang, “Comparative analysis of antioxidant activities of essential oils and extracts of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.)seeds from Egypt and China,” Food Sci. Hum. Wellness, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 67–72, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.fshw.2019.03.004.

M. Akhbari, R. Kord, S. Nodooshan Jafari, and S. Hamedi, “Analysis and evaluation of the antimicrobial and anticancer activities of the essential oil isolated from Foeniculum vulgare from Hamedan, IranNo Title,” 2018.

R. Kazemzadeh, R. Nikjou, M. Rostamnegad, and H. Norouzi, “Effect of lavender aromatherapy on menopause hot flushing: A crossover randomized clinical trial,” J. Chinese Med. Assoc., vol. 79, no. 9, pp. 489–492, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.jcma.2016.01.020.

P. Bhadra and S. Parida, Aromatherapy And Its Benefits, no. March. New Delhi, India: Renu Publisher, 2021.

P. A. A. Alvarado-García, M. R. Soto-Vasquez, L. E. Rosales-Cerquin, E. M. Rodrigo-Villanueva, D. R. Jara-Aguilar, and L. Tuesta-Collantes, “Anxiolytic and Antidepressant-like Effects of Foeniculum vulgare Essential Oil,” Pharmacogn. J., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 425–431, 2022, doi: 10.5530/pj.2022.14.54.




How to Cite

S. Sutardi, E. . Husni, E. N. . Aini, K. Kasiati, and K. . Kaur, “Effect of Fennel Aromatherapy (Foeniculum Vulgare) On Decreasing Menopause Symptom Levels in Menopausal Women in Tunjung Village Bangkalan Regency Indonesia ”, International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 238–246, Aug. 2022.



Health Science