The Effect of Herbal Steam Bath to Increasing Breast Milk Production in Postpartum Mothers




milk production, herbal steam bath


The importance of breastfeeding has strong evidence[1]. But in reality, there are many obstacles in its implementation[2]. Data shows that exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia is 89.4% (2020). Physical factors due to complications or fatigue after giving birth also have an impact on breast milk production, so mothers tend to fail to exclusively breastfeed[3][1]. A non-pharmacological method that can reduce postpartum stress, increase comfort and body fitness so as to help stimulate breast milk production is the herbal steam bath.[4]. This is a culture of local wisdom that is still preserved in various parts of Indonesia as a therapy for postpartum mothers. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of herbal steam bath on breast milk production for postpartum mothers in Surabaya. The design of this study was a quasi-experimental (two group pre-post test design). This research was conducted on postpartum mothers in Surabaya. The study was conducted for 6 months. Determination of the sample using purposive sampling technique. The treatment group was given intervention for 1 week as much as 2x, namely Herbal Steam Bath for 5-20 minutes. Endorphin massage was performed in the control group for 1 week with a frequency of 2 times/week for 20 minutes. Each group was given a pre-test and post-test to determine the production of breast milk with indicators of increased baby weight, increased frequency of urination and defecation. Data analysis with independent T-test and Mann Whitney. The results showed that there was a significant effect of herbal steam baths on increasing breast milk production with a value of = 0.012 or <0.05. There was a significant difference in milk production in the treatment group compared to the control group with a value of = 0.004 or <0.05. Conclusion: By doing of herbal steam baths it can increase milk production.



Download data is not yet available.


M. S. Wong, H. Mou, and W. T. Chien, “Effectiveness of educational and supportive intervention for primiparous women on breastfeeding related outcomes and breastfeeding self-efficacy: A systematic review and meta-analysis,” Int. J. Nurs. Stud., vol. 117, p. 103874, 2021.

A. Y. Pramono, J. L. Desborough, J. P. Smith, and S. Bourke, “The Social Value of Implementing the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding in an Indonesian Hospital: A Case Study,” YALE J. Biol. Med., vol. 95, p. 301, 2022.

C. R. Titaley et al., “The impact of a package of behaviour change interventions on breastfeeding practices in East Java Province, Indonesia,” Matern. Child Nutr., p. e13362, 2022.


A. I. Murty and S. B. Anjani, “Psychology of Breastfeeding: From Self Narration to Digital Technology,” J. Psikogenes. Vol., vol. 9, no. 2, 2021.

Rosnani, . Jawiyah, and D. Mediarti, “Warm Steam Therapy to Increase Breast Milk Production of Post-Partum Mothers,” no. Inc, pp. 373–378, 2019, doi: 10.5220/0008325503730378.

A. Awanis and L. Ariyanti, “The Contribution of Early Breastfeeding Initiation (IMD) to Exclusive Breastfeeding and the Relationship with Nutritional Status of Child,” Indones. J. Glob. Heal. Res., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 543–548, 2022.

S. Wahyuni, N. G. M. A. A. Budi, G. P. E. Mulyo, S. Mulyati, and F. Fauzia, “Predictors of Exclusive Breast Milk Failure Before Six Months: A Study on Exclusive Breastfeeding in the City of Bogor, West Java, Indonesia,” Open Access Maced. J. Med. Sci., vol. 10, no. B, pp. 197–204, 2022.

S. F. Panov and A. A. Pleshakov, “[Effect of steam bath on gastric secretion and some endocrine changes of athlete-fighters],” Fiziol. Cheloveka, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 92–99, 2011, [Online]. Available:

V. V Shiralkar, P. E. Jagtap, G. J. Belwalkar, N. S. Nagane, and S. P. Dhonde, “Effect of Steam Sauna Bath on Fasting Blood Glucose Level in Healthy Adults,” Indian J. Med. Biochem., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 18–21, 2018, doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10054-0047.

P. Code, C. Code, G. Name, and G. Members, “Universiti teknologi mara malaysia tradisi ibunda confinement services,” no. 2016101691.

T. A. S. T. Mohamad, F. Islahudin, M. Jasamai, and J. A. Jamal, “Traditional Practitioner’s Knowledge of Malay Post-Partum Herbal Remedies in Malaysia,” Arch. Pharm. Pract., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 11– 16, 2022, doi: 10.51847/ani1usvkcv.

P. Tungsukruthai, P. Nootim, W. Worakunphanich, and N. Tabtong, “Efficacy and safety of herbal steam bath in allergic rhinitis: a randomized controlled trial,” J. Integr. Med., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 39– 44, 2018, doi:

M. Pandiaraja et al., “Effect of the steam bath on resting cardiovascular parameters in healthy volunteers,” Adv. Integr. Med., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 199–202, 2021, doi:

J. C. Kent, E. Ashton, C. M. Hardwick, A. Rea, K. Murray, and D. T. Geddes, “Causes of perception of insufficient milk supply in Western Australian mothers,” Matern. Child Nutr., vol. 17, no. 1, p. e13080, 2021.

N. Azizah and R. Ambarika, “The Effectiveness Of Marmet Techniques, Oxytocin Massage, And Endorphin Massage To Breast- Milk Production On Post Cesarean Section At Rsia Puri Bunda Hospital Malang,” J. Qual. Public Heal., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 76–83, 2022.

D. D. Jebena and M. W. Tenagashaw, “Breastfeeding practice and factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in Horro District, Ethiopia: A community-based cross-sectional study,” PLoS One, vol. 17, no. 4, p. e0267269, 2022.

I. S. Zumsteg and C. S. Weckerle, “Bakera, a herbal steam bath for postnatal care in Minahasa (Indonesia): Documentation of the plants used and assessment of the method,” J. Ethnopharmacol., vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 641–650, 2007, doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2007.01.016.

A. Z. Wakhidah and M. Silalahi, “Study Ethnomedicine Betimun: The Traditional Steam Bath Herb of Saibatin Sub-tribe, Lampung,” Str. J. Ilm. Kesehat., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1258–1267, 2020, doi: 10.30994/sjik.v9i2.257.

M. Pandiaraja, A. Vanitha, K. Maheshkumar, N. Manavalan, and V. Venugopal, “Effects of 12 sessions of steam bath intervention on

spirometry parameters among healthy adult volunteers,” J. Complement. Integr. Med., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 413–416, 2022, doi: 10.1515/jcim-2020-0542.

M. Duda, “The Medical Risks and Benefits of Sauna, Steam Bath, and Whirlpool Use,” Phys. Sportsmed., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 170–182, 1987, doi: 10.1080/00913847.1987.11709359.

G. Mentari, “The Spread of ‘ Tradisi Mandi Uap ’ as a Track Identification of Spices in Indonesia,” vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 40–50, 2022.

G. Mentari, F. Ushuluddin, F. P. Dewa, and A. Sebakul, “THE SPREAD OF TRADITIONAL STEAM BATHING AS A TRACK,” vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 28–40, 2022.

V. Priscilla, Y. Afiyanti, and D. Juliastuti, “A Qualitative Systematic Review of Family Support for a Successful Breastfeeding Experience among Adolescent Mothers,” Open Access Maced. J. Med. Sci., vol. 9, no. F, pp. 775–783, 2021.

G. Gutierrez-de-Terán-Moreno et al., “Successful breastfeeding among women with intention to breastfeed: From physiology to socio-cultural factors,” Early Hum. Dev., vol. 164, p. 105518, 2022.




How to Cite

Shinta Wurdiana Rhomadona and Dianita Primihastuti, “ The Effect of Herbal Steam Bath to Increasing Breast Milk Production in Postpartum Mothers”, International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 420–425, Dec. 2022.



Health Science